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  • Royal Services, LLC

What Are the Types of Pumps Used in the Oil and Gas Industry

Updated: Dec 23, 2022

The oil and gas industry is a vast and dynamic sector that requires a variety of pumps to move oil, gas, and other fluids from one place to another. From the extraction and transportation of oil and gas to the refining and distribution process, pumps play an integral role in ensuring the smooth operation of the industry. There are many different types of pumps used in the oil and gas industry, each designed for a specific purpose.

Centrifugal Pumps

Centrifugal pumps are used to move fluids, such as oil, gas, and water, at high pressure and flow rates. Centrifugal pumps use centrifugal force to move liquid through a closed system. This type of pump is often used in applications that require high-pressure pumpings, such as oil and gas production.

Centrifugal pumps are typically composed of a central rotating impeller, which helps to create the centrifugal force needed to move the liquid. Depending on the application, the impeller is powered by either an electric motor or a diesel engine. The impeller spins at high speed, creating a vacuum that draws in the liquid. The liquid is then forced outward through the pump outlet, creating the pressure needed to move it.

Centrifugal pumps are used in various applications in the oil and gas industry, including drilling, production, and storage. They can be used to pump crude oil, natural gas, and other fluids at high pressure and flow rates. They are also used to pump the liquid and gas mixtures used in fracking operations.

Centrifugal pumps offer several advantages over other types of pumps, including higher flow rates, better efficiency, and lower operating costs. They are also relatively easy to maintain and operate, making them a popular choice for the oil and gas industry.

Diaphragm Pumps

The diaphragm pump is one of the most common types of pumps used in this industry. Diaphragm pumps work using a diaphragm; a flexible membrane used to move liquid or gas.

Diaphragms are made from materials such as polyurethane or neoprene and are durable and reliable. Diaphragm pumps can move liquids and gases that are either viscous or of low viscosity. They can also handle a wide range of temperatures, pressures, and flow rates. Diaphragm pumps can be used for various applications, including pumping water, oil, gas, and other fluids.

Diaphragm pumps are often used in the oil and gas industry because of their versatility, durability, and reliability. They can also handle a wide range of temperatures and pressures, making them ideal for pumping in extreme conditions. Diaphragm pumps are also relatively low-maintenance and relatively inexpensive compared to other types of pumps.

Reciprocating Plunger Pumps

A reciprocating plunger pump is a positive-displacement pump that uses a plunger to move fluids. The plunger is connected to a piston, which is connected to a crankshaft. As the crankshaft rotates, the plunger moves up and down, creating a vacuum that pulls in fluid and then pushes it out. This type of pump can handle a variety of fluids, including water, oil, and gas, and is often used in applications such as oil drilling, hydraulic fracturing, and crude oil transportation.

One of the main advantages of a reciprocating plunger pump is its ability to handle higher pressures and flow rates than other types of pumps. This makes them ideal for oil and gas applications where high pressure is needed for effective operations. Additionally, the pump is highly reliable and can operate continuously for long periods without requiring frequent maintenance. The pump is also relatively easy to maintain, which reduces the cost of ownership over the long term.

Final Thoughts

Pumps used in the oil and gas industry are an essential part of the industry's infrastructure. They are used to move fluids, such as oil and gas, from one location to another. They are available in many different types, each with its own advantages and disadvantages, making it important to select the right type of pump for the specific application.


Get the right types of pumps for your project with the help of Royal Services, LLC. We are a veteran-owned company that provides equipment rental services in Artesia. We are capable of performing drill-outs, flowback, well-testing, and operating production facilities. Get a quote now!

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